Gingivitis, Periodontitis, And Advanced Periodontitis
Gum disease is caused by oral bacteria building up between your teeth and gums. This bacteria slowly attacks the gum tissue and begins to infect and destroy it. The first stage of periodontal disease is called “gingivitis”, and during this stage, the damage to your teeth and gums is typically reversible with proper care and oral hygiene.
“Periodontitis” is the second stage of gum disease. At this stage, some permanent damage may have been done to your teeth and gums, but the progression of the disease can still be halted. “Advanced periodontitis” is the final stage of the disease. Once the disease progresses to this point, you may require invasive oral surgery to restore your dental health, such as extraction and tooth replacement with dentures or implants.
Of Periodontal Disease
Gum disease has a number of easily recognizable signs and symptoms. Gingivitis, the earliest stage of the disease, is usually characterized by sensitive, puffy, and red or dark gums. Your mouth may bleed while brushing, and you may also suffer from persistent bad breath (halitosis). As your symptoms get worse, you may notice issues like a bad taste in your mouth, lengthening of the teeth (recession of the gums), sensitivity to pressure when chewing, and a foul taste in your mouth. In cases of advanced periodontitis, you may notice that your teeth are loose, or your teeth may even begin to fall out because their roots are decaying and dying.
Gum Disease & Your Overall Health
There is evidence that gum disease can have a significant effect on your overall, systemic health. Inflammation may travel from your gums through the small blood vessels in your mouth and spread throughout your body, increasing the risk of serious health issues like heart attack and stroke. Proper oral care and periodontal treatment are required to eliminate the disease and safeguard your overall health.
With Deep Cleanings
Deep cleanings, also called “scaling and root planing”, are typically the first step in the treatment of gingivitis and gum disease. Using specialized dental tools, one of our dentists will remove plaque and bacteria from between your gums and teeth. Then, the roots of your teeth will be smoothed to help remove bacteria and prevent the formation of bacteria pockets, which attack and destroy the root of your tooth. If you notice signs and symptoms of gum disease, schedule your appointment with us today to get the care you need.