Wisdom teeth are permanent adult teeth located on the top and bottom hind corners of the jaw. They usually appear between 17 and 25 years and in some cases they never appear.
A wisdom tooth may be extracted due to the following reasons:
- Wrong growth angle (towards the adjacent tooth, backwards, at a right angle etc.)
- If it is painful
- If it has caused damage to the adjacent tooth
- In case it develops a cyst consisting of a fluid-filled sac
- When it damages the surrounding bone
- To prevent future complications such as a weakened jawbone, infection in the socket, damage to sinuses near tooth, dry socket etc.
Wisdom tooth extraction is an outpatient procedure that’s done on the very same day on which the
surgery is scheduled. Following are few things to expect during the surgery:
1. Anesthesia: 3 types of anesthesia can be administered by your dentist i.e. local anesthesia, sedation anesthesia and general anesthesia.
- Local Anesthesia: In this, a local anesthesia is administered with one or more than one injections. You will be awake throughout the extraction and can feel some pressure and movement but not pain.
- Sedation Anesthesia: In this you are anesthetized through an intravenous line in the arm. It is accompanied by a local anesthesia for numbing the gums. Your consciousness is suppressed during the procedure so that you do not feel any pain.
- General Anesthesia: In this you are required to inhale the medication through the nose after which you will lose consciousness. It is safe and absolutely painless.
2. Procedure: This involves painless removal of the tooth, cleaning the site of tooth removal, stitching the wound and placing a gauze on the wound. If you were anesthetized with sedation or general anesthesia, you are sent to the recovery room after the procedure. If you have had local anesthesia, you will be given a brief recovery time on the dental chair.
- For healing from the surgery you will be required to rest for that very day and resume your normal activities the following day. However, care should be taken to avoid strenuous activity for at least a week post-surgery.
- Avoid caffeinated, carbonated, alcoholic and hot beverages for 24 hours after the surgery. Drink lots of normal water. Don’t use a straw to drink water.
- For the first 24 hours, eat soft foods only. Stay away from hard, hot and spicy food.
- If pain persists, follow the pain prescription advised by your doctor or hold a cold pack against your jaw.
- It is advised not to brush, spit, rinse or use a mouthwash for at least 24 hours after the surgery. Gentle warm salty water rinses are recommended for up to a week after the initial 24 hour period.
For effective dental treatment, visit Enamel Dentistry at 2717 S Lamar Blvd #1086 Austin, TX 78704 or call (512) 717-5315.